LONDON — With questions swirling about how the British government would try to salvage its plan for leaving the European Union, protesters from the left and the far right planned rallies across London on Sunday to mobilize voters behind alternatives to the deal.
Parliament is expected to vote on Tuesday on Prime Minister Theresa May’s plan for extracting Britain from the European Union. But with the strongest proponents both for leaving and staying in the bloc lining up against the deal, some British news outlets reported on Sunday that Mrs. May would try a last-ditch appeal to win more concessions from European Union leaders to mollify conservatives who want a cleaner split.
Those reports raised the prospect that Mrs. May would delay the vote to avoid an embarrassing defeat in Parliament. And support for a second referendum on Britain’s departure appeared to be gathering steam among both Labour and Conservative lawmakers.
The marches on Sunday, though, were as much about long-simmering forces in British politics as about the wrangling over Mrs. May’s deal.
Tommy Robinson, an anti-Islam activist who was recently named an adviser to the far-right U.K. Independence Party, was planning to lead a “Brexit Betrayal” march in central London to rally for a clean split from the European Union.
Gerard Batten, the U.K. Independence Party leader, wrote on Twitter: “Be there to show you want to Dump the Deal, & that Brexit Means Exit! This is only pro-Brexit rally to be held before the vote next week.”
Pro-Europe activists, meanwhile, were planning a counterprotest nearby to resist what they described as a growing tide of anti-immigrant and nationalist feelings awakened by the 2016 referendum.
“The Brexit moment has irretrievably emboldened the far right and its narratives,” Michael Chessum, a national organizer for Another Europe Is Possible, who was helping organize the counterprotest, recently wrote in The Guardian. “The question is whether the left has both the radical solutions to the social crisis on which it feeds, and the intellectual courage to defeat it.”
The police in London said the marches would have to follow certain routes to avoid the groups meeting on the streets.
In an auditorium in East London, different groups of pro-Europe campaigners were planning other rallies in support of a second referendum, which they hope would reveal creeping doubts about leaving the bloc and reverse the results of the 2016 vote.
In October nearly one million people, including the mayor of London, took to the streets of London for a “People’s Vote” march on the final Brexit deal.
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